How Does SQL Fit into Data Science? – Importance of SQL

SQL is an important component of the data scientist toolkit. A relational database uses SQL as its querying language. The current big data platforms that use SQL as their primary API for their relational databases also adhere to this standard. Among all the skills you can learn, SQL is the most valuable and accessible. You need to understand the role of SQL in data science and why every data science expert considers SQL a crucial skill for data scientists before you can start working on this skill. 

Let’s analyze how SQL is essential for data science and analytics.

We’ll go through some of SQL’s key attributes and how they relate to the current circumstance defined by data science. The following section will address the fundamental SQL skills required for data science.

Importance of SQL in data science

Data science involves studying and analyzing data. Before we can examine the data, we must extract it from the database. SQL enters the picture in this situation. Relational Database Management (RDBMS) is one of the most important components of Data Science. The best choice for many CRM, business intelligence tools, and office operations continues to be SQL, although many current businesses have geared their product management with NoSQL.

On the other side, Apache Spark speeds up query processing by utilizing the robust in-memory SQL architecture which can be learnt through the comprehensive data analytics course in Pune, co-powered by IBM. 

Additionally, having SQL knowledge is required to become a data scientist. Data science interview questions frequently begin with SQL queries. Consequently, SQL is required for data science. The previous description leads us to the conclusion that:

  • In order to work with structured data, a data scientist needs to know SQL. Structured data is stored in relational databases. The ability to query these databases requires a data scientist to learn SQL.

  • Indeed, large data solutions like Hadoop include a SQL query extension that enables HiveQL data handling.

  • SQL is the go-to technology for data scientists because they can establish test environments and experiment with the data.

  • To do data analytics on the information stored in relational databases like Oracle, Microsoft SQL, and MySQL, SQL is necessary.

  • SQL is also used for data wrangling and preparation operations. Therefore, SQL will be employed when utilizing different Big Data tools.

What SQL competencies are necessary for data science?

The following SQL skills are prerequisites for aspirant data scientists:

  1. Familiarity with the relational database model

A Relational Database Model System (RDBMS) is the most crucial and essential concept for an aspiring data scientist. To store structured data, you must have a basic understanding of RDBMS. Afterward, the data can be accessed, retrieved, or modified using SQL.

Every data platform must have an RDBMS. Even the most sophisticated big data platforms have a portion for processing structured data that uses an RDBMS.

2. Proficiency with SQL commands

The following SQL commands are essential knowledge for every data scientist:

  • Data Manipulation Language (DML)

  • Data Search Language (DSL)

  • Data Definition Language (DDL)

  • Data Control Language (DCL)

3. Null Value

The word null is used to denote a value that is missing. A field in a table that has a Null value is empty. But a Null value is distinct from a zero value or an empty field.

4. Indexes

Using customized lookup tables is a simple approach for a database search engine to find values in a row. Using SQL indexing, we can quickly load the data into the database.

5. SQL Joins

The most crucial relational database foundations for a data scientist to comprehend are table joins. The two different types of joins are inner joins and outer joins. They are divided into Inner, Left, Right, Full, etc.

6. Foreign Key & Primary Key

A primary key in a database denotes unique values. A primary key lets us distinguish each line and record from the database. On the other hand, a foreign key connects two tables together.

7. Subquery 

A subquery is a nested query that is embedded within another query. The four essential subqueries in the SQL language are SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE. The information will be returned to the original inquiry.

8. Creating Tables

Because organized relational tables are used in data science, understanding how to build tables in SQL is essential.



Finally, we conclude that SQL is crucial to data science. In reality, modern big data platforms imitate SQL to analyze organized data generated alongside unstructured data. Designers also gained an understanding of the many SQL skills that are essential for data science. If you are an aspiring professional looking to upgrade your skills, register in the industry-accredited data science course in Pune, right away! 


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